Airliner Gallery

Ilyushin Il-76

. .



Ilyushin Il-76 Transavia Export

An Ilyushin Il-76 of Transavia Export from Belarus.

Ilyushin Il-76

The Ilyushin Il-76 is a medium-size four-engined cargo aircraft. It is a very versatile aircraft, flying in commercial service and in much larger numbers with military forces. NATO nicknamed it 'Candid'.

The development of the Il-76 started in 1967 and it completed its first flight on 25 March 1971. The first production aircraft were delivered to the Soviet Air Force in June 1974 and Aeroflot received its first aircraft in 1976.

Ilyshin designed the Il-76 to carry a 40 tons payload (88,000 lb) over 5,000 km (2,700 nm) and it should be capable of takeoff and landing on short, unprepared airstrips. It also should be able to cope with the difficult weather conditions in Siberia and Arctic regions.

Ilyushin Il-76 Aeroflot The Il-76 shows its military origins by the glass nose and the gun position in the tail. It looks much like the US Air Force's Lockheed C-141 Starlifter, but it is a more capable aircraft. The Il-76 has a high mounted wing, four engines in pods under the wing, a T-tail and a rear loading ramp. The wing has several high-lift devices to allow short takeoffs and landings. The undercarriage counts twenty wheels fitted with low pressure tyres.The two main wheel bogies have two rows of four tyres each and the nose-wheel gear has four wheels. Tyre pressures can be adjusted during flight. The aircraft is operated by a crew of seven, including two freight handlers. Onboard systems are installed to load the aircraft without the aid of land-based equipment.

The main civil versions are the Il-76T, which first flew on 4 November 1978, the Il-76TD (the civil variant of the military Il-76MD) and the Il-76TD-90 with Aviadvigatel PS-90 turbofans. The Il-76TD-90VD is a major upgrade of the Il-76TD, developed for Wolga-Dnepr Airlines. It is fitted with modern PS-90A-76 engines, which meet all current international ecological standards. The engines have a longer operating life and lower maintenance costs than earlier engines used on the Il-76. All aircraft systems, including flight and navigation instruments are renewed.

Il-76s are not only used as freighters, but also as airborne tanker, flying command center, aerial fire fighter, zero-G training aircraft for astronauts, engine testbed, transport to support humanitarian relief aid and many more tasks.

About one thousand Il-76s have been built and the aircraft is still in production. Early in 2015 around one hundred Il-76 are in service with airlines.






Ilyushin Il-76 224th Flight Unit

This Il-76MD (of which the Il-76TD is the civil variant) was used by 224th Flight Unit of the Russian Federation as a support aircraft for presidential visits to other countries. The photo is taken at Amsterdam Schiphol.

Ilyushin Il-76TD
Specifications

Wingspan: 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in)
Length: 46.59 m (152 ft 10 in)
Height: 14.76 m (48 ft 5 in)

Empty weight: 101,000 kg (222,665 lb)
Max. takeoff weight:
190,000 kg (418,875 lb)

Range: 3,650 km (1,970 nm)
Max. cruise speed: 800 km/h (430 kts)

Engines: four
Aviadvigatel (Soloviev)
D30KP turbofans
(117.7 kN - 26,455 lb)


Ilyushin Il-76TD-90VD
Specifications

Wingspan: 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in)
Length: 46.59 m (152 ft 10 in)
Height: 14.76 m (48 ft 5 in)

Empty weight: 92,500 kg (203,928 lb)
Max. take-off weight:
195,000 kg (429,901 lb)

Range: 4,000 km (2,160 nm)
Cruise speed: 780 km/h (421 kts)

Engines: four
Aviadvigatel PS-90A-76 turbofans
(157 kN - 35,300 lbf)

Ilyushin Il-76TD-90VD

The Il-76MD-90A is a much modernised version with bigger and more powerful PS-90A engines.
(Photo: Volga-Dnepr Airlines)


.

Il-62     Il-76     Il-86 / Il-96

© - All pictures and texts: Copyright Airliner Gallery - All rights reserved - Do not use without permission - ©


Airliner Gallery
Ilyushin Il-76