Fokker 70 and Fokker 100
The Fokker 100 is a two-engine short-haul jet airliner accommodating around 100 passengers. It is the largest airplane the former Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker ever built. Essentially the Fokker 100 is a stretched and much improved and modernised version of the earlier F28 Fellowship.
Fokker developed the Fokker 100 to meet the needs of domestic airlines after the 1978 air transport deregulation in the United States. The airlines wanted aircraft smaller than the McDonnell Douglas DC-9/MD-80 and Boeing 737 for high-frequent short-haul feeder services to their hubs. This need was reflected in big orders for the Fokker 100 from American Airlines (75 aircraft) and US Airways (40). Other important airlines ordering the Fokker 100 were launch customer Swissair, KLM and later Brazil's TAM Linhas Aéreas.
The Fokker 100 has two engines mounted at the rear of the fuselage and a T-tail, like the Douglas DC-9 and BAC One-Eleven have. Compared with the F28 the Fokker 100 has a longer fuselage, an improved supercritical wing with larger span, a digital 'glass' cockpit and more economical and less-noisy engines: Rolls-Royce Tay turbofans, a higher-bypass development of the F28's Rolls-Royce Spey.
The first flight took place on 30 November 1986 and the Dutch aviation authority RLD awarded certification a year later. Fokker delivered the first aircraft to launch customer Swissair in February 1988. The earliest Fokker 100s were fitted with Tay 620 turbofans, but Fokker soon offered a variant with more powerful Tay 650 engines. In 1993 Fokker introduced an extended range version with extra fuel tanks in the wings, followed by the Fokker 100QC (Quick Change) with a variable cargo/passenger interior.
- Fokker 70 -
In the early 1990s Fokker developed a shorter version, the Fokker 70, seating around 70 passengers. The prototype was a modified Fokker 100, which first flew in its new appearance on 4 April 1993. Ford Motor Company received the first production Fokker 70 as a corporate jet in October 1994. The aircraft manufacturer also studied a longer variant, the Fokker 130, but this was never built.
Fokker suffered heavy losses because of long delays in the test and initial production phases of the Fokker 100 and the simultaneously developed Fokker 50 turboprop. In spite of good sales, Fokker didn't succeed in recovering from these losses and in 1996 the company collapsed, although production continued until early 1997. The manufacturer built 283 Fokker 100s and 48 Fokker 70s. The Dutch company Stork continued Fokker's maintenance work as 'Fokker Aviation'.
Plans to restart Fokker 70 and 100 production by a new company named Rekkof ('Fokker' spelt backwards, now named 'Netherlands Aircraft Company') didn't materialise so far. The latest plans are to develop a longer variant of the Fokker 100 as 'Fokker 120', with a stretched fuselage, winglets and new engines, the Pratt & Whitney geared turbofan (PurePower PW1000G).
In early 2015, around 150 Fokker 100s and more than 30 Fokker 70s are still in airline service.
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